Who can be participants?
As the program’s name hints, it is available for qualified women, children, and infants. The women need to be breastfeeding, postpartum, and pregnant; children need to be five years of age or below; and the infants are required to be 1 years of age or less. These Oswego NY WIC candidates also need to abide by specific rules expressly provided by the state, namely in regards to income, residency, and nutritional risk.
What do you mean by nutritional risk?
There are essentially 2 categories of nutritional risk treated by the program: medical and diet. Medical-based risks may include child-bearing problems, age of the mother, underweight, and anemia. In comparison, diet-based risks may include the insufficiency of the applicant’s current intake.
The participant’s nutritional risk must be verified by a healthcare professional like a physician . The US FNS, cooperating with state-level agencies, developed the tests for determining nutritional risk. The test shall be updated when necessary to serve the present needs of the time.
How many participants have benefited from WIC?
Reports show that over 8,000,000 persons per year benefit from the program. When the WIC Program started in the early 1970’s, there were slightly more than eighty-five thousand annual beneficiaries. After several years, the number amounted to almost two million. After that, the figures have grown regularly.
Most participants fall under the category of children. In fact, of the eight million present participants, more than 4,000,000 are children, about 2,000,000 are women, and about 2,000,000 are infants.
What benefits do participants receive?
Beneficiaries typically receive checks or vouchers that can be used to purchase certain kinds of food items. The kind of food a beneficiary receives shall largely depend on the nutritional risk he is under. In addition, some local agencies are starting to distribute electronic cards instead of the traditional vouchers and checks. This improved system shall be applied throughout the US within approximately five years.